The board of each fund in the BNY Mellon Family of Funds generally has delegated the authority to vote proxies of companies held in a fund's portfolio to either BNY Mellon Investment Adviser, Inc. ("BNYM Investment Adviser") or the fund’s sub-investment adviser ("Sub-Adviser"), as described below. In addition, for each fund, the board has adopted proxy voting procedures pursuant to which proxies of companies held in a fund’s portfolio will be voted. The proxy voting procedures adopted for a fund are the procedures of: (i) the primary employer of the fund's portfolio managers ("Primary Employer"), (ii) the Sub-Adviser and/or (ii) the fund's asset allocator, BNY Mellon Wealth Management ("BNYM Wealth Management") (collectively, "Firms"), as described below. Please consult a fund's Statement of Additional Information for details concerning the applicable Firm's proxy voting policies and procedures.
|Funds||Entity with Discretionary Proxy Voting Responsibility||Firm Proxy Voting Procedures Adopted|
|Directly-Advised Funds1||BNYM Investment Adviser||Primary Employer|
|Multi-Strategy Funds2||BNYM Investment Adviser||BNYM Wealth Management and/or Primary Employer3|
Information regarding how BNY Mellon voted proxies for the funds during the most recent 12-month period ended June 30th is available on BNY Mellon's website, by the following August 31st, at www.bnymellonim.com and on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov on a fund's Form N-PX.